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Causes and types of birth injuries

There are times when a birth injury can be immediately treated, ensuring that the child is not faced with any long-term health effects. Conversely, there are times when an injury at birth is long lasting, requiring the child to receive treatment for an extended period of time.

There are many causes of birth injuries, including but not limited to:

-- Medical negligence, such as overlooking the fact that a Cesarean section delivery is necessary.

-- Improper use of delivery tools, such as forceps.

-- Baby does not move down the birth canal head first.

-- Long and difficult labor.

As you can see, some of these causes are the result of medical negligence. Others, however, have nothing to do with the medical team and everything to do with nature.

Some of the most common types of birth injuries include:

-- Bruising of the head.

-- Bleeding under the cranial bones.

-- Collarbone or clavicle fracture.

-- Facial nerve injury due to excessive pressure.

-- Injury to nerves that supply the hands and arms.

Many birth injuries can be prevented by an experienced and knowledgeable medical team that knows how to deal with any issue that may arise.

As an expecting mother, it is important to become familiar with the causes and types of birth injuries. You hope that your child remains healthy through delivery; however, you need to be prepared for everything. Furthermore, it is good to know what you can do to lessen the risk of injury. This includes choosing a well respected hospital and medical team for your delivery.

Source: University of Rochester Medical Center, "Birth Injury," accessed April. 09, 2015

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